And when he returned to Capernaum after some days, it was reported that he was at home. And many were gathered together, so that there was no more room, not even at the door. And he was preaching the word to them.
I. Jesus Asserts His Authority to Forgive Sins (vv. 1-5)
a. Jesus draws attention (vv. 1-2)
The first thing that we see in this passage is that Jesus claims to have the authority to forgive sins. But before we get to that claim we need to understand
the circumstances surrounding this claim. In verse 1 and 2 Mark writes, “And when he returned to Capernaum after some days, it was reported that he was at home. And many were gathered together, so that there was no room, not even at the door. And he was preaching the word to them.”
In the last chapter we read of Jesus first coming into Capernaum (1:21), and using the home of Peter and Andrew as a home base (1:29). However, because the hysteria over Jesus’ ministry had risen to a fevered pitch, Jesus was forced to leave Capernaum (1:45). Now, here in verse 1, we learn that after some time this hysteria had died down, and Jesus was able to return to His home base in Capernaum (presumably to the home of Peter and Andrew).
This peace and quiet did not last long. It did not take long for the word to spread concerning Jesus’ arrival. Once that happened there was sure to be a crowd around Jesus. Mark tells us that there were so many curious onlookers coming to see Jesus that there wasn’t even any more room to get into the door. The crowd was massive; the entire town had assembled to see what Jesus was going to do next. But it was not just the town of Capernaum that had come to see Jesus. Luke 5:17 tells us that “Pharisees and teachers of the law were sitting there, who had come from every village of Galilee and Judea and from Jerusalem.” This was an interesting crowd that had assembled, and we will learn more about them in a few verses.
Once Jesus had drawn a crowd to Himself Mark tells us literally that Jesus “spoke to them the word” (ἐλάλει αὐτοῖς τὸν λόγον). Mark’s use of word (λόγον) here is no doubt the same as Jesus’ use of word (λόγον) in 4:1-20. Jesus took this opportunity to fulfill His purpose (1:38), and preach the Gospel to these people (1:14-15).