The Westminster Confession of Faith: Chapter 2

Of God, and of the Holy Trinity

1. There is but one only living and true God, who is infinite in being and perfection, a most pure spirit, invisible, without body, parts, or passions, immutable, immense, eternal, incomprehensible, almighty, most wise, most holy, most free, most absolute, working all things according to the counsel of his own immutable and most righteous will, for his won glory, most loving, gracious, merciful, long-suffering, abundant in goodness and truth, forgiving iniquity, transgression, and sin; the rewarder of them that diligently seek him; and withal most just and terrible in his judgments; hating all sin; and who will by no means clear the guilty.

>What an extensive and wordy sentence- but what could be left out? With the last two clauses (hating all sin; and who will by no means clear the guilty) the observant reader will sense the divines setting their readers up for the cross. There is little doubt that they were preparing their readers for the cross by first dealing with the nature of God and then the nature of man.

2. God hath all life, glory, goodness, blessedness, in and of himself; and is alone in and unto himself all-sufficient, not standing in need of any creatures which he hath made, nor deriving any glory from them, but only manifesting his own glory in, by, unto, and upon them; he is the alone foundation of all being, of whom, through whom, and to whom, are all things; and hath most sovereign dominion over them, to do by them, for them, or upon them, whatsoever himself pleaseth. In his sight all things are open and manifest; his knowledge is infinite, infallible, and independent upon the creature; so as nothing is to him contingent or uncertain. He is most holy in all his counsels, in all his works, and in all his commands. To him is due from angels and men, and every other creature, whatsoever worship, service, or obedience he is pleased to require of them.

>God existed, just as he does now, before creation. Thus, God is completely self-sufficient and in no need of creation. God created so that He could “manifest His own glory in, by, unto, and upon them…” God did not create because He was lonely or had some sort of void to fill. That would imply that God is not self-sufficient, and is improving (not to mention it ignores the doctrine of the Trinity).

3. In the unity of the Godhead there be three Persons of one substance, power, and eternity: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost. The Father is of none, neither begotten nor proceeding; the Son is eternally begotten of the Father; the Holy Ghost eternally proceeding from the Father and the Son.

> One of the simplest, yet clearest explanations of the doctrine of the Trinity that you will ever find!