Understanding the Holy Spirit

Eph 1:13-14 provides 4 descriptions of the Holy Spirit & His ministry that demonstrate His role in salvation and clarify a lot of confusion in the church today:

13 In him you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit, 14 who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it, to the praise of his glory.

If you didn’t notice them, here are the 4 descriptions of the Spirit along with a link to the sermon I preached for each one:

I. The Spirit is the Seal of Salvation

Sealed in Christ
Sealed with Hearing & Believing

II. The Spirit is the Promised Spirit

A. Promise Required
B. Promise Revealed
C. Promise Repeated
D. Promise Realized
E. Promise Received

III. The Spirit is the Holy Spirit
IV. The Spirit is the Guarantee 

A. Guarantee that Obligates Full Salvation
B. Guarantee that Previews Full Inheritance
C. Guarantee that Anticipates Full Redemption

The Christian Inventory (Ephesians 1:7-12)

Ephesians 1:7-12 reveals 3 permanent possessions every Christ has in Christ. 

In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace, which he lavished upon us, in all wisdom and insight making known to us the mystery of his will, according to his purpose, which he set forth in Christ as a plan for the fullness of time, to unite all things in him, things in heaven and things on earth. In him we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to the purpose of him who works all things according to the counsel of his will, so that we who were the first to hope in Christ might be to the praise of his glory.” (Ephesians 1:7–12, ESV)


I. Redemption (v. 7) 

A. price of redemption: “In him we have redemption”

1. paid by the Beloved: “through his”

2. paid with blood: “blood”

B. result of redemption: “the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace”

II. Revelation (vv. 8-10) 

A. capacity for revelation: which he lavished upon us, in all wisdom and insight

B. content of revelation: “making known to us the mystery of his will, according to his purpose, which he set forth in Christ as a plan for the fullness of time, to unite all things in him, things in heaven and things on earth.”

III. Inheritance (vv. 11-12) 

A. inheritance secured: “In him we have obtained an inheritance”

1. secured by God’s predestination: “having been predestined”

2. secured by God’s purpose: “according to the purpose”

3. secured by God’s providence: “of him who works all things”

4. secured by God’s plan: “according to the counsel of his will”

B. inheritance realized

1. realized hope: “so that we who were the first to hope in Christ”

2. realized glory: “might be to the praise of his glory”

Pray for your pastor when he is “bogged”

As a preacher I found this statement from James Boice interesting and familiar:

Haven’t you felt that kind of discouragement yourself when you were in the middle of a particularly demanding job? I have. I often feel it when I am in the middle of writing a sermon. In fact, I have a term for it. I say to myself that I have “bogged,” meaning that I have bogged down. It is because the process of preaching a preparing a sermon is mentally and emotionally draining, and I frequently reach a point at which I no longer want to go on. If when I am felling like that I should receive an additional threat from outside, the combination of tiredness and fear or anxiety could easily make me stop what I am doing. We can fight against one enemy on one front, but it is hard to fight against two (or more) enemies simultaneously. (Nehemiah, 55)

The only thing I would change about this statement is that instead of often I would say weekly there is a point in my sermon prep in which I feel bogged. I hesitate to say this because I hate when pastors over dramatize their work, but it is hard to describe the mental, emotional, and spiritual energy required for faithful preaching. Sermon prep is very draining. The reality is that every pastor knows exactly what Boice is talking about. Each week the preacher must expect to press through the bog to get to the pulpit.

I say this as encouragement to those of you in the bog this week. You are not the only one who is tired and frustrated. As a Tom Hanks character once said, “it’s supposed to be hard. If it wasn’t hard everyone would do it.” Or, in a slightly more spiritual vein, the God who called you into His service will sustain you as you discharge your ministry.

I also want to exhort those who will be spiritually fed on Sunday because your pastor endured the bog. Please don’t make the bog thicker for him. Sure, you might have genuine complaints. I know for a fact that if you are reading this you have an imperfect pastor (especially if you’re from my congregation). But, more than likely, you also have a pastor who genuinely loves you even if he imperfectly demonstrates that love. Can you imagine if everyone in the church expected you to be all things to all people? Misplaced expectation can add layers and layers of mud to the bog of sermon prep. So does opposition. In fact, disunity and opposition are like pouring bags of cement into the bog. You can virtually guarantee an insufficiently prepared sermon by stirring up strife in the congregation.

So what can you do to help you pastor through the bog? Most importantly, you can pray for your pastor this week. Pray for his faithfulness, purity, courage, & illumination. When you get done with that, pray for wisdom, power, and love. At the same time, you can support him as a brother in Christ. You can do him a great service by treating him and his family (Don’t forget his family!) like friends not enemies. Don’t expect for him to possess every spiritual gift or preach like your favorite celebrity preacher. Appreciate the way God has gifted him and edify him so that he will be faithful in his preaching.

I am thankful to be the beneficiary of kind support such as this, and I can’t tell you how many times the Lord has used my congregation to pull me out of the bog.

If God is speaking to you, don’t listen…

God has spoken. God has revealed His truth in the Scripture definitively, clearly, inerrantly, infallibly, and sufficiently. There is a subtle and subversive danger in listening for another word, impression, or impulse. For one, the Bible doesn’t command us to look for more. Seriously, think about. Where in the Bible are we commanded to follow the private leading of God?  But there is an even bigger danger. You are probably listening to yourself not God. Daniel Doriani explains,

Uncontrolled meditation has few safeguards. Those who mediate hear many voices, not all of them divine. Recent readings and events weigh heavily. Worse, our hearts deceive us. Sinful desires and petty grudges contaminate our meditations. We are too blind to our ego, too ignorant of others’ needs, too prone to legalism, too dedicated to our own agendas to justify trusting our subjective impulses. The prowling mind can find evidence in almost every passage that what it wants, God ordains.

(Daniel Doriani, The Nature of Application, 28)

So how do we control our meditation and avoid this danger? By meditating on the object word of God found in the Bible. If God is speaking to you apart from the Bible then stop listening, because it is probably your own desires formulating the message. Don’t listen. In fact, stop looking private messages all together and join the Psalmist in saying, “Oh how I love your law! It is my meditation all the day.” (Ps 119:7)

Kent Hughes on Holiness in the Christian Life

If your life is characterized by a pattern of conscious sin, you very likely are not a Christian. If some of your most cherished thoughts are hatreds, if you are determined not to forgive, you may not be a true believer. If you are a committed materialist who finds that your greatest joys are self-indulgence — clothing your body with lavish outfits, having all your waking thoughts devoted to house, cars, clothing, and comforts — you may not be a Christian. If you are a sensualist who is addicted to pornography, if your mind is a twenty-four-hour bordello — and you think it’s okay — you may very well not be a Christian, regardless of how many times you have “gone forward” and mouthed the evangelical shibboleths. Election ultimately results in holiness, but the process begins now. Are you concerned for holiness? Are you growing in holiness?


(R. Kent Hughes, Ephesians: The Mystery of the Body of Christ, Preaching the Word [Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books, 1990], 25-26)

What is true holiness… or what isn’t it?

Here’s J.C. Ryles’ reminder:

True holiness, we surely ought to remember, does not consist merely of inward sensations and impressions. It is much more than tears, and sighs, and bodily excitement, and a quickened pulse, and a passionate feeling of attachment to our own favourite preachers and our own religious party, and a readiness to quarrel with everyone who does not agree with us. It is something of “the image of Christ,” which can be seen and observed by others in our private life, and habits, and character, and doings. (Rom. viii. 29.)

J.C. Ryle, Holiness, p. 5

The Glory of God in the Christian Life

What part does the Glory of God play in the Christian life?

  1. The Glory of God is The Divine Purpose for the Christian life. (Eph 1:6,12,14; Ez 36:22-23).
  2. The Glory of God is The Eternal Plan for the Christian life.   (Eph 3:20; Rom 1:25; Rev 5:13).
  3. The Glory of God is The Daily Priority for the Christian life (1 Cor 10:31; 1 Cor 6:19-20)

The Glory of God “is what gives meaning to our existence: God is putting His glory on display, and it is our unspeakable privilege to participate in that demonstration and to savor the joy of it without ceasing.” (John MacArthur, “The Reason for Everything”, Expositor, issue 2, p. 13)